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The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre – Remembering the Bloodiest Vaisakhi

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Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

Remembering The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

It was a very short time in which the whole incident occurred. Just 10 Minutes. Yes, you Read it write it was Just 10 minutes in which thousands of innocent people were Killed unnecessarily and that’s why the whole Nation Gives Tribute to that innocent person on this Day.

Jallianwala Bagh

Credit: Indian Express


The act was not to disperse (meet), but to punish the Indians for their disobedience.

General Reginald Dyer

10 minutes of baseless, non-stop, callous firing. Firing until all the Bullets in the Weapons were not spent.

After around 1650 Bullets had been smashed into over 1000 bodies all over. Silence all around with Blooded people and Bullets inside there bodies. That’s what the Story of Jallianwala Bagh.

How did Massacre Occurred?

It was 18th March 1919, when the British Indian Government passed the Rowlatt Act, an Anti-Militancy Law. People got angry by passing this Law.

On 13th April, the Day of Vaisakhi (Punjab’s Biggest Festival), Protesting People Decided to hold a meeting on the Law passed at the Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar.

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

While on the Other note, General Reginald Dyer, the acting Military Commander at Amritsar had banned all public to get together and also told not to gather more than four people in the Crowd.

But People ignored the Dyer’s Rules and Orders and Thousands of People gathered by 4 pm, at Jallianwala Bagh. Also, the Police had shut down the Baisakhi Mela near Jallianwala Bagh and all the Crowd Joined the Protestors at Jallianwala Bagh.

At Around 5:30 pm, general Dyer along with there 90 Gurkha Troops shut the Main exits and Started Firing and Shooting at the Crowd without any Warning or Announcement.

The British Government gave the Death toll to be 379, but when the Indian National Congress Inquired, they found it over 1000.

By this Devastating Incident, Rabindranath Tagore renounced his British Knighthood and Mahatma Gandhi returned his Kaiser-i-Hind medal back.

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

British abolish the infamous Rowlatt Act in 1922.

It has been a century over the Incident Occurred and no one can forget that incident and still now many remember this incident and pay tribute to the innocent People. Many Movies were made to Highlight the Jallianwala Bagh massacre like Gandhi, Rang de Basanti, the Recent movie Phillauri and even the British TV series Downton Abbey remembered the day 13 April 1919.

Jallianwala Bagh remains the Symbolic act of inhumanity over 98 years.

 

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Science

An Asteroid might destroy everything , Scientists said Apocalypse might Come

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Asteroid hits Sea NASA

Conspiracy theorists have long been claiming that a civilization-threatening asteroid could be on a collision course with the planet. Now, a team of famed scientists is progressing to raise issues concerning these doubtless dangerous space rocks at a global conference in Vienna.

 

NASA scientists discovered last week that a meteor explosion over the Bering Sea in December 2018 unleashed 10 times the energy as the Hiroshima atom bomb.

 

The space rock, many meters in size, exploded concerning sixteen miles on top of the earth’s surface. NASA on Friday conjointly revealed satellite photos of the meteor that appeared on December eighteen however went neglected till months later.

 

satellight image

 

This meteor strike at the Bering Sea may be a reminder that, despite efforts to spot and track space rocks that might create a threat to Earth, sizeable meteors will still arrive all of sudden.

 

These asteroids, known as Near Earth Objects or NEOs will cause the extinction of whole species. it absolutely was an asteroid that hit the planet a lot of years past that has been goddam for the dinosaurs being drained, together with seventy-five percent of all life forms on the world, at that time.

 

To counter this threat, scientists need to handle the problem – wanting space agencies like NASA and therefore the ESA to accentuate efforts to discover and track NEOs and devise ways that to deflect them. These considerations are set to be raised at the primary meeting of the govt of Asgardia.

 

Asgardia may be a ‘space nation,’ conjointly called the space Kingdom of Asgardia and “Asgardia the space Nation”, maybe a micronation fashioned by a gaggle of individuals who have launched a satellite into Earth orbit. They consult with themselves as “Asgardians” and that they have given their satellite the name “Asgardia-1.” The space nation conjointly has 20,000 voters and 1,000,000 followers worldwide.

 

Jay Tate, a number one Asgardian scientist from Knighton, UK and director of the privately-funded Space-guard Centre in Wales, to The categorical, said: “NEOs create a heavy, even cataclysmal, threat to human civilization and action should be taken currently to spot levels of risk and develop the technology to safeguard this and future generations.”

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Business

Origin of McDonald’s

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McDonald’s is a real estate business. That might sound surprising: After all, who hasn’t at least once in their lifetime indulged in the glorious experience that is a Happy Meal? You might know McDonald’s as that fast food chain that sells hamburgers and fries, but trust me, it goes way deeper than that. That’s why we’ll be looking at the world’s second-largest restaurant chain, McDonald’s.
Few things sound as Irish as the name McDonald. It’s an interesting name: the ‘mac’ part means son, while Donald comes from a Gaelic name that means ‘Ruler of the World’. Very ominous, right? The two ‘world-rulers’ that we’re interested in are Richard and Maurice McDonald, two brothers from New Hampshire.
In the 1920s they moved to California, where they started a movie theater and a hotdog stand, but they eventually went bust when the Great Depression came around. Their first big success came in 1940 when they opened a barbecue joint in San Bernardino.
Now at the time, virtually all restaurants were mom-and-pop establishments, with their own unique taste and cooking methods. Drive-ins with roller skating waitresses were all the rage back then, but they weren’t particularly efficient. You had to wait half an hour to get your order, and half of the time they got it wrong. The McDonald’s barbecue was no different, and although it did turn a profit, the brothers knew they could do better.
They realized that most of their income was coming from just three products: hamburgers, french fries, and coke, and after running the place for 8 years, the brothers decided to make a radical makeover. They dropped most of their menu to focus on their best sellers, and then they redesigned the entire kitchen around that.
The cooking process started to look like an assembly line, which allowed the brothers to fill customer orders in as little as 30 seconds. They abandoned the drive-in concept in favor of a walk-up counter, and they stopped using
cutlery and dishes entirely, replacing them with disposable paper packaging. In an instant, their restaurant became a sensation, drawing in attention from across the country.
One of the people they attracted was the guy, Ray Kroc. He was a natural-born hustler, who at the age of 15 had lied his way into serving as a Red Cross ambulance driver during World War 1. Interestingly enough, he served alongside Walt Disney in France, but they didn’t really keep in touch after the war. Like most people from the postwar years Ray had worked dozens of jobs: jazz pianist, radio DJ, paper cup salesman, you name it.
In the early 1950s, he was traveling cross-country trying to sell expensive milkshake machines, but he wasn’t really doing a good job at it. One day in 1954, however, he got an order for 8 of them, and it was from none other
than the McDonald brothers. When Ray made his way to San Bernardino, he fell in love with their restaurant and immediately offered to franchise it.
By that point, the McDonald brothers had already opened over 20 franchise locations, but none of them were doing as well as the original restaurant: The lack of oversight made maintaining quality impossible. The brothers decided to give Ray a shot, and boy did deliver.
He handpicked only the best franchisees and ran his operations like an army drill. In the span of just 6 years, Ray built 100 McDonald’s restaurants, while the McDonald brothers were basically managing their own joint. Ray eventually grew tired of them: they’d reap 0.5% of all sales for doing nothing while roadblocking Ray’s suggestions for improving the franchise.
To cut them out, Ray figured out a brilliant strategy. He’d buy the land where all future restaurants would be built upon, and then he’d lease it to his franchisees. This way Ray got to keep almost all of the profits from the business while leaving the McDonald brothers empty-handed.
Of course, the brothers weren’t very happy at that, but there wasn’t anything they could do, and in 1961 they finally agreed to sell their franchise to Ray for $2.7 million. With the brothers out of the way, Ray stepped on the accelerator, implementing all the changes he had wanted like redoing the logo and creating a mascot.
He also expanded the menu, adding the Filet-O-Fish in 1965 and the Big Mac in 1968. That same year Ray celebrated opening store #1000 and adopted the modern iteration of the golden arches logo. Throughout the next decades, McDonald’s would keep expanding, and not just in the US. They pioneered breakfast fast food with the introduction of the Egg McMuffin in 1972. They also added stuff like Chicken McNuggets and the Happy Meal, which would eventually make them the world’s largest toy distributor.
By 1988 they had 10,000 restaurants, and although Ray was no longer alive, the company kept on growing without him. Thanks to their iconic Hamburger University, the McDonald’s franchise had some of the best-trained managers in the fast food industry.
This allowed them to stay one step ahead of competitors like Burger King and Wendy’s. Since then, McDonald’s have continued expanding their menu into what we know today.
In 2006 the franchise underwent its first major redesign since the 1970s, adopting the so-called “Forever Young” design, which features dining zones with comfortable sofas and armchairs.
Interestingly enough, today McDonald’s isn’t the world’s’ largest restaurant chain: That title goes to Subway, who have almost 45 thousand locations compared to 37 thousand for McDonald’s. The company itself owns only 15% of them, the rest being franchised out.
The restaurants ran by the company account for 2/3rds of its revenue, but that’s not the whole story. In reality, it costs way more to run your own restaurant than it does to sit back and collect rent. In 2014, for example, company-operated stores generated $18.2 billion, but McDonald’s got to keep only 2.9 billion. In comparison, out of the $9.2 billion coming in from franchisees, the company kept 7.6, a stunning 80%.
So even though McDonald’s seems to be flipping burgers, in reality, they’re playing Monopoly instead.
So this was all how the McDonald’s restaurant chain started.
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Tech

What is Flipkart?

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What is Flipkart?

Flipkart is India’s Amazon. It’s the country’s largest online retailer. In 2018 retail giant Walmart announced its intention to acquire a controlling stake in the company for $16 billion, making this the largest e-commerce acquisition, ever.

Flipkart was founded here in Bangalore in 2007 by Sachin Bansal and Binny Bansal, two Indian software engineers, that happen to share the same surname. They both worked for Amazon in the U.S. before returning to India to start their company.

Like Amazon, Flipkart began as an online bookstore. In its first full year of business, it delivered nearly three and half thousand shipments of books. Now its website has 10 million page visits a day and sells more than 80 different categories of goods, which includes everything from food processors to yoga mats.

This expansion has been supported by the company’s own digital ecosystem. In 2009 it founded Ekart, its in-house supply chain arm.

Ekart is now India’s largest logistics company delivering 10 million shipments a month for Flipkart, as well as independent brands and sellers. It also owns PhonePe, an app the company acquired in 2016, which helps facilitate electronic payments throughout the country. In addition, Flipkart’s purchase of two of India’s leading online fashion retailers, Myntra and Jabong ensured the company remained the leading player in India’s online retail industry.

Flipkart’s strong position in the market attracted $1.4 billion of investment in 2017 from the Indian e-commerce market as a whole is set to quadruple to $200 billion in the next eight years, and by 2034 it’s predicted to surpass the U.S. as the second largest e-commerce market in the world.

The predicted growth in e-commerce has increased competition between the big online retailers. Amazon has been taking on Flipkart in its own backyard. Both have been offering massive sales and discounts pegged to Indian festivals as they battle it out for more customers.

While Amazon’s size and profitable cloud computing service allows it to absorb these costs, Flipkart has suffered losses in its struggle to compete. However, the Flipkart Group as a whole still has the largest share of the market and remains the e-commerce leader in India.

Walmart’s online sales, however, account for just a little more than three and a half percent of its business in the U.S. Acquiring Flipkart gives them a considerable foothold in the sector. Yet when news of the deal broke, the American retailer’s shares tumbled four percent with investors concerned that the company had a long way to go before becoming profitable. The acquisition of a loss-making business also cut Walmart’s profits at the end of 2018 and its earnings outlook for 2019.

Walmart Acquiring Flipkart

Walmart Acquiring Flipkart | Image Courtesy: YourStory

The company also warned that e-commerce growth would be slower next year. For Flipkart, Walmart’s investment is seen by many as a major boost to the company’s logistical operations. It will also help it move into new areas like online groceries. Along with a strong food supply chain, Walmart’s financial support will also help Flipkart keep prices low in its battle with Amazon.

Several key investors have exited the company, including co-founder Sachin Bansal, and they leave with hefty profits. Venture capital firms Accel and Tiger Global invested when Flipkart was valued at just $50 million. They have now pocketed more than 400 times what they invested and still retain some shares.

Softbank is also a big beneficiary of the deal. Its Vision Fund invested $2.5 billion in 2017 and in just over 12 months the Japanese company sold its 20% stake for $4 billion.

Co-founder Binny Bansal had planned to stay on as the company’s chief executive but resigned after an internal investigation into serious personal misconduct following an accusation of sexual assault. He still owns 4.2% of the company and remains a director on the board. Amid the controversy Walmart increased its stake in the $20 billion company from 77 percent to 81.3 percent, offering another sign of its support of an online retail market that is still small by global standards.

The value and sale of Flipkart to a major corporation like Walmart will likely encourage investors to see India’s e-commerce market as an area of growth. Already the Indian startup Ola is competing fiercely with Uber in the taxi aggregation market and both have Softbank as a major shareholder.

As the world’s major tech companies focus more of their attention on India, Flipkart may be the first of many start-up success stories emerging from the growing e-commerce space.

So, do you think Flipkart has a chance against Amazon? Comment below to let us know.

Source: CNBC International
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